EPA Designation Regulated
EPA Classification Organic Chemicals
EPA Levels 1,2 0.05 MCLG (mg/L)
0.05 MCLG (mg/L)
Alternative Names Silvex
Sources Residue of banned herbicide
2,4,5-TP (Silvex) is an herbicide banned in 1985; it was formerly used in homes and on recreation areas, industrial sites, lumber yards, vacant lots, lawns and turf, and crops including rice.


2,4,5-TP is a white organic powder with little odor.


Until Silvex was banned in 1985, the greatest use of 2,4,5-TP was as a postemergence herbicide for control of woody plants and broadleaf herbaceous weeds in rice and bluegrass turf, in sugarcane, in rangeland improvement programs, and on lawns. Aquatic uses included control of weeds in ditches and riverbanks, on floodways, along canals, reservoirs, streams, and along southern waterways.

Health Effects

Some people who drink water containing 2,4,5-TP well in excess of the maximum contaminant level (MCL) for many years could experience liver problems.

EPA Data Source: 2,4,5-TP

EPA Definitions:

1Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) - The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety and are non-enforceable public health goals.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) - The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology and taking cost into consideration. MCLs are enforceable standards.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG) - The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

(TT) Treatment Technique - A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL) - The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

2 Units are in milligrams per liter (mg/L) unless otherwise noted. Milligrams per liter are equivalent to parts per million.