Organic Chemicals

ContaminantDescriptionEPA Designation
1,1,1-Trichloroethane1,1,1-Trichloroethane is an industrial cleaning solvent that contaminates drinking water sources due to releases from metal degreasing sites and chemicals factories.Regulated
1,1,2-Trichloroethane1,1,2-Trichloroethane is used in production of synthetic fibers, plastic wraps and adhesives; it is released as a pollutant from various chemical manufacturing factories.Regulated
1,1-DichloroethyleneIndustrial chemical pollutant from manufacture of adhesives, synthetic fibers, refrigerants and plastic wraps.Regulated
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene is a pollutant from textile finishing factories and industrial chemical manufacturing.Regulated
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane is a persistent pesticide and groundwater contaminant associated with male sterility and severe reproductive toxicity; historically used as a soil fumigant on bananas and pineapples; banned by EPA in early 1980s.Regulated
1,2-Dichloroethane1,2-Dichloroethane is a chemical used in the production of vinyl chloride; it is released as a pollutant from industrial chemical factories.Regulated
1,2-Dichloropropane1,2-Dichloropropane is used as a solvent and intermediate in the production of dry cleaning agent perchloroethylene; it is released as a pollutant from chemical factories, landfills, and from agricultural soil due to former use as a fumigant.Regulated
2,4,5-TP2,4,5-TP (Silvex) is an herbicide banned in 1985; it was formerly used in homes and on recreation areas, industrial sites, lumber yards, vacant lots, lawns and turf, and crops including rice.Regulated
2,4-D2,4-D is a chlorophenol herbicide used on row crops, lawns and golf courses.Regulated
AcrylamideAcrylamide (or acrylic amide) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula C3H5NO. Its IUPAC name is prop-2-enamide. It is a white odourless crystalline solid, soluble in water, ethanol, ether, and chloroform. Acrylamide decomposes in the presence of Regulated
AlachlorAlachlor is a widely-used herbicide applied to corn, soy and sorghum; it is carcinogenic to animals and potentially carcinogenic in people.Regulated
AtrazineAtrazine is an endocrine-disrupting herbicide used on corn, sugarcane and sorghum; it is associated with adverse reproductive effects and toxicity to the immune system.Regulated
BenzeneBenzene is a petroleum chemical that contaminates drinking water due to emissions from petroleum and chemical industries, leaching landfills and gas storage tanks.Regulated
Benzo(a)pyreneBenzo(a)pyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that contaminates drinking water from leaching coal tar coatings on water distribution pipes and storage liners; it is also a product of combustion.Regulated
CarbofuranCarbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide and soil fumigant that had been used on corn, rice and alfalfa; it poses severe risks to children (via diet), agricultural workers and the environment.Regulated
Carbon tetrachlorideCarbon tetrachloride is an industrial solvent and refrigerant released as a pollutant from various chemical plants and the petroleum refining industry.Regulated
ChlordaneChlordane is a persistent insecticide/termiticide that is likely carcinogenic to humans and has been banned in the U.S. since 1988.Regulated
ChlorobenzeneChlorobenzene is an aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5Cl. This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals.Regulated
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylenecis-1,2-Dichloroethylene is a pollutant discharged by various industrial chemical factories from the manufacture of plastic wrap, adhesives and synthetic fiber.Regulated
DalaponDalapon is an herbicide used on roads, railway tracks and other rights of way.Regulated
Di adipateDi(2-Ethylhexyl) adipate is a placticizer and solvent released as a pollutant from industrial chemical factories, sewage treatment facilities and iron foundries.Regulated
Di phthalateDi(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is a pollutant from rubber and industrial chemical factories and a leachate from PVC pipes; it is classified by EPA as a probable human carcinogen.Regulated
DichloromethaneDichloromethane is a widely-used paint remover, solvent and metal degreasing agent; it is discharged into the environment from the manufacture of chemicals, textiles, electronics, metals and plastics, pharmaceuticals and pesticides.Regulated
DinosebDinoseb is an herbicide historically used on soybeans and vegetables; it is associated with birth defects and reproductive difficulties and has been banned in the U.S. since 1986.Regulated
DioxinAny of a family of compounds known chemically as dibenzo-p-dioxins. Concern about them arises from their potential toxicity as contaminants in commercial products. Tests on laboratory animals indicate that it is one of the more toxic anthropogenic (man-maRegulated
DiquatDiquat is a non-selective herbicide and dessicant used extensively for control of crop and aquatic weeds; it may cause cataracts.Regulated
EndothallEndothall is an herbicide and defoliant used on a broad range of crops and aquatic plants.Regulated
EndrinEndrin is a banned organochlorine insecticide that is persistent, bioaccumulative, acutely toxic to vertebrates and associated with massive deaths of fish, birds and other wildlife.Regulated
EpichlorohydrinEpichlorohydrin (abbreviated ECH) is an organochlorine compound and an epoxide. This is a colorless liquid with a pungent, garlic-like odor, moderately soluble in water, but miscible with most polar organic solvents.[2] Epichlorohydrin is a highly reactivRegulated
EthylbenzeneEthylbenzene is a pollutant from petroleum refineries and industrial chemical factories; it is also used to make plastics, and may be present as an impurity in some insecticides.Regulated
Ethylene dibromideEthylene dibromide is a a pollutant from petroleum refineries that was formerly used as gasoline additive and a pesticide suspended from use by EPA in 1984.Regulated
GlyphosateGlyphosate is one of the most commonly used herbicides in the U.S., and is applied in agriculture, forestry and on lawns and roadsides.Regulated
HeptachlorHeptachlor is a highly toxic and carcinogenic termiticide banned from most applications in the U.S. since 1988.Regulated
Heptachlor epoxideHeptachlor epoxide is a beakdown product of heptachlor, a highly toxic and carcinogenic termiticide banned from most applications in the U.S. since 1988.Regulated
HexachlorobenzeneHexachlorobenzene is a pollutant from metal refineries and agricultural chemical factories.Regulated
HexachlorocyclopentadieneHexachlorocyclopentadiene is an industrial pollutant discharged from chemical factories.Regulated
LindaneLindane is an insecticide still used in shampoo to control lice and scabies; it is a form of hexachlorocyclohexane, a highly toxic pesticide phased out of agricultural use in the U.S.Regulated
MethoxychlorMethoxychlor is an endocrine-disrupting insecticide similar to DDT; banned in the U.S. in 2002, it was historically used on farm animals and in animal feed, lumber, gardens and certain crops. Regulated
o-Dichlorobenzeneo-Dichlorobenzene (1,2-Dichlorobenzene) is an intermediate for making herbicides; it is discharged as a pollutant from the manufacture of agricultural chemicals.Regulated
OxamylOxamyl is a neurotoxic insecticide used on cotton, fruit and vegetable crops (apples, potatoes and tomatoes).Regulated
p-Dichlorobenzenep-Dichlorobenzene is a carcinogenic pesticide used as a fumigant, deodorant, and in manufacture of other industrial chemicals.Regulated
PentachlorophenolPentachlorophenol is a carcinogenic pollutant discharged from wood preserving factories.Regulated
PicloramPicloram is an herbicide that may contaminate drinking water sources due to runoff from applications to pasture, rangeland and rights-of-way.Regulated
Polychlorinated biphenylsPolychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a group of highly toxic chlorinated industrial chemicals used as dielectrics, coolants and lubricants in electrical equipment; PCBs contaminate water by leaching from landfills or other waste deposits.Regulated
SimazineSimazine is a widely used herbicide that has been associated with endocrine disruption and cancer in experimental studies.Regulated
StyreneStyrene is a pollutant from plastics, rubber and other industrial chemical factories and from landfill leachate.Regulated
TetrachloroethyleneTetrachloroethylene (perc) is a common soil and groundwater contaminant used in dry cleaning and as a solvent in automotive and metalworking factories and other industries.Regulated
TolueneToluene is a pollutant from petroleum refineries and a chemical used in plastics manufacturing as well as the pharmaceutical, paint and furniture industries.Regulated
ToxapheneToxaphene is a highly toxic, persistent and bioaccumulative insecticide anticipated to be carcinogenic to people, and banned from use in the U.S. in 1990.Regulated
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylenetrans-1,2-Dichloroethylene is a synthetic chemical used as a solvent, refrigerant, and in the production of pharmaceuticals; it is released as pollutant from various industrial chemical factories.Regulated
TrichloroethyleneTrichloroethylene is used to remove grease from fabricated metal parts and in the production of some textiles; this pollutant comes from metal degreasing sites, metal finishing and rubber processing industries.Regulated
Vinyl chlorideVinyl chloride is a chemical used for production of PVC plastic; it contaminates drinking water due to leaching from PVC pipes and discharges from plastics manufacturing.Regulated
XylenesXylenes are a group of chemicals produced from petroleum and released as pollutants from chemical, plastics and synthetic fiber industries as well as printing, painting, and laboratory uses.Regulated