VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds)

ContaminantDescriptionEPA Designation
1,1,1-Trichloroethane1,1,1-Trichloroethane is an industrial cleaning solvent that contaminates drinking water sources due to releases from metal degreasing sites and chemicals factories.Regulated
1,1,2-Trichloroethane1,1,2-Trichloroethane is used in production of synthetic fibers, plastic wraps and adhesives; it is released as a pollutant from various chemical manufacturing factories.Regulated
1,1-Dichloroethane1,1-Dichloroethane is used in industrial chemical synthesis, as a solvent for plastics, paint, varnish, and finish removers and as an insecticide/fumigant.Candidate
1,1-DichloroethyleneIndustrial chemical pollutant from manufacture of adhesives, synthetic fibers, refrigerants and plastic wraps.Regulated
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene is a pollutant from textile finishing factories and industrial chemical manufacturing.Regulated
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene is a chemical intermediate, industrial solvent, and component of gasoline, coal tar and petroleum products.Candidate
1,2-Dichloroethane1,2-Dichloroethane is a chemical used in the production of vinyl chloride; it is released as a pollutant from industrial chemical factories.Regulated
2,4-D2,4-D is a chlorophenol herbicide used on row crops, lawns and golf courses.Regulated
AtrazineAtrazine is an endocrine-disrupting herbicide used on corn, sugarcane and sorghum; it is associated with adverse reproductive effects and toxicity to the immune system.Regulated
BenzeneBenzene is a petroleum chemical that contaminates drinking water due to emissions from petroleum and chemical industries, leaching landfills and gas storage tanks.Regulated
CarbofuranCarbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide and soil fumigant that had been used on corn, rice and alfalfa; it poses severe risks to children (via diet), agricultural workers and the environment.Regulated
Carbon tetrachlorideCarbon tetrachloride is an industrial solvent and refrigerant released as a pollutant from various chemical plants and the petroleum refining industry.Regulated
ChlorobenzeneChlorobenzene is an aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5Cl. This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals.Regulated
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylenecis-1,2-Dichloroethylene is a pollutant discharged by various industrial chemical factories from the manufacture of plastic wrap, adhesives and synthetic fiber.Regulated
DinosebDinoseb is an herbicide historically used on soybeans and vegetables; it is associated with birth defects and reproductive difficulties and has been banned in the U.S. since 1986.Regulated
EndrinEndrin is a banned organochlorine insecticide that is persistent, bioaccumulative, acutely toxic to vertebrates and associated with massive deaths of fish, birds and other wildlife.Regulated
EthylbenzeneEthylbenzene is a pollutant from petroleum refineries and industrial chemical factories; it is also used to make plastics, and may be present as an impurity in some insecticides.Regulated
HeptachlorHeptachlor is a highly toxic and carcinogenic termiticide banned from most applications in the U.S. since 1988.Regulated
Heptachlor epoxideHeptachlor epoxide is a beakdown product of heptachlor, a highly toxic and carcinogenic termiticide banned from most applications in the U.S. since 1988.Regulated
HexachlorocyclopentadieneHexachlorocyclopentadiene is an industrial pollutant discharged from chemical factories.Regulated
LindaneLindane is an insecticide still used in shampoo to control lice and scabies; it is a form of hexachlorocyclohexane, a highly toxic pesticide phased out of agricultural use in the U.S.Regulated
MethoxychlorMethoxychlor is an endocrine-disrupting insecticide similar to DDT; banned in the U.S. in 2002, it was historically used on farm animals and in animal feed, lumber, gardens and certain crops. Regulated
SimazineSimazine is a widely used herbicide that has been associated with endocrine disruption and cancer in experimental studies.Regulated
StyreneStyrene is a pollutant from plastics, rubber and other industrial chemical factories and from landfill leachate.Regulated
TolueneToluene is a pollutant from petroleum refineries and a chemical used in plastics manufacturing as well as the pharmaceutical, paint and furniture industries.Regulated
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylenetrans-1,2-Dichloroethylene is a synthetic chemical used as a solvent, refrigerant, and in the production of pharmaceuticals; it is released as pollutant from various industrial chemical factories.Regulated
TrichloroethyleneTrichloroethylene is used to remove grease from fabricated metal parts and in the production of some textiles; this pollutant comes from metal degreasing sites, metal finishing and rubber processing industries.Regulated
Vinyl chlorideVinyl chloride is a chemical used for production of PVC plastic; it contaminates drinking water due to leaching from PVC pipes and discharges from plastics manufacturing.Regulated
XylenesXylenes are a group of chemicals produced from petroleum and released as pollutants from chemical, plastics and synthetic fiber industries as well as printing, painting, and laboratory uses.Regulated